Humanitarian

An aerial view of refugee camps in Upper Nile State, South Sudan.An aerial view of refugee camps in Upper Nile State, South Sudan.
Awathi is one of thousands who fled to Maban County in South Sudan's Upper Nile State to escape fighting in August 2012. She and her little baby arrived in Yusuf Batil refugee camp, where more than 36,000 other refugees had settled. Despite the difficult circumstances at the camp, I was amazed by her tremendous resilience and kindness in overcoming the challenges of not knowing what the future holds.Awathi is one of thousands who fled to Maban County in South Sudan's Upper Nile State to escape fighting in August 2012. She and her little baby arrived in Yusuf Batil refugee camp, where more than 36,000 other refugees had settled. Despite the difficult circumstances at the camp, I was amazed by her tremendous resilience and kindness in overcoming the challenges of not knowing what the future holds.
A Sudanese woman holds her red shoes as she uses a traditional method to carry her heavy bags of food rations provided to Sudanese refugees at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan. Because the camps are spread out across large areas, she has to walk a very long distance to reach the food distribution point. The foot paths are in the black cotton soil that does not absorb water, and during the rainy season they turn into giant, muddy slides; walking barefoot makes it easier and safer. When she finally reached her
tent, she put a big pot of water on the fire to prepare a meal of the new food ration for her children.A Sudanese woman holds her red shoes as she uses a traditional method to carry her heavy bags of food rations provided to Sudanese refugees at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan. Because the camps are spread out across large areas, she has to walk a very long distance to reach the food distribution point. The foot paths are in the black cotton soil that does not absorb water, and during the rainy season they turn into giant, muddy slides; walking barefoot makes it easier and safer. When she finally reached her tent, she put a big pot of water on the fire to prepare a meal of the new food ration for her children.
Rains have transformed the camp into a muddy swamp.Rains have transformed the camp into a muddy swamp.
Sudanese refugee standing in line to receive food at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan.Sudanese refugee standing in line to receive food at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan.
At the time this photograph was taken, more than 100,000 Sudanese had fled conflict in Sudan's Blue Nile State, seeking refuge across the border in South Sudan's Upper Nile State. Aid organisations (WFP and its partners) were regularly delivering life-saving food supplies for refugees and vulnerable host community families in Maban County. Here, a Sudanese refugee holds a food stamp, waiting in line with other people to receive food at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan.At the time this photograph was taken, more than 100,000 Sudanese had fled conflict in Sudan's Blue Nile State, seeking refuge across the border in South Sudan's Upper Nile State. Aid organisations (WFP and its partners) were regularly delivering life-saving food supplies for refugees and vulnerable host community families in Maban County. Here, a Sudanese refugee holds a food stamp, waiting in line with other people to receive food at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan.
At the time this photograph was taken, more than 100,000 Sudanese had fled conflict in Sudan's Blue Nile State, seeking refuge across the border in South Sudan's Upper Nile State. Aid organisations (WFP and its partners) were regularly delivering life-saving food supplies for refugees and vulnerable host community families in Maban County. Here, a Sudanese refugee holds a food stamp, waiting in line with other people to receive food at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan.At the time this photograph was taken, more than 100,000 Sudanese had fled conflict in Sudan's Blue Nile State, seeking refuge across the border in South Sudan's Upper Nile State. Aid organisations (WFP and its partners) were regularly delivering life-saving food supplies for refugees and vulnerable host community families in Maban County. Here, a Sudanese refugee holds a food stamp, waiting in line with other people to receive food at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan.
Many families fled fighting and subsequent hunger in Blue Nile State in Sudan and sought refuge in South Sudan. Many of them walked on foot for almost a month to settle in refugee camps in Maban county.  Humanitarian aid organisations (WFP and its partners) were regularly delivering life-saving food supplies for more than100,000 refugees. Here, a man pours grains (yellow maize) into a bag during a food distribution for refugees at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan.Many families fled fighting and subsequent hunger in Blue Nile State in Sudan and sought refuge in South Sudan. Many of them walked on foot for almost a month to settle in refugee camps in Maban county. Humanitarian aid organisations (WFP and its partners) were regularly delivering life-saving food supplies for more than100,000 refugees. Here, a man pours grains (yellow maize) into a bag during a food distribution for refugees at the Yusuf Batil refugee camp in South Sudan.
A little boy getting measured for signs of malnutrition by a Medair health worker at the Medair health clinic in Mina Camp, Upper Nile State, South Sudan.A little boy getting measured for signs of malnutrition by a Medair health worker at the Medair health clinic in Mina Camp, Upper Nile State, South Sudan.
A little boy getting measured for signs of malnutrition by a Medair health worker at the Medair health clinic in Mina Camp, Upper Nile State, South Sudan.A little boy getting measured for signs of malnutrition by a Medair health worker at the Medair health clinic in Mina Camp, Upper Nile State, South Sudan.
A little boy getting measured for signs of malnutrition by a Medair health worker at the Medair health clinic in Mina Camp, Upper Nile State, South Sudan.A little boy getting measured for signs of malnutrition by a Medair health worker at the Medair health clinic in Mina Camp, Upper Nile State, South Sudan.
A little boy getting measured for signs of malnutrition by a Medair health worker at the Medair health clinic in Mina Camp, Upper Nile State, South Sudan.A little boy getting measured for signs of malnutrition by a Medair health worker at the Medair health clinic in Mina Camp, Upper Nile State, South Sudan.
A girl is holding her vaccination record card. During the vaccination campaign close to 20,000 children between 6 months and 15 years old were vaccinated against measles. The campaign also provided education on prevention of disease by vaccination, Vitamin A, and de-worming (anti-parasite) tablets.A girl is holding her vaccination record card. During the vaccination campaign close to 20,000 children between 6 months and 15 years old were vaccinated against measles. The campaign also provided education on prevention of disease by vaccination, Vitamin A, and de-worming (anti-parasite) tablets.
A woman is  collecting water from a hand-dug well.  This source of water is prone to contamination by parasites and bacteria, resulting in poor health, malnutrition, and even death.A woman is collecting water from a hand-dug well. This source of water is prone to contamination by parasites and bacteria, resulting in poor health, malnutrition, and even death.
The Medair WASH team installs a hand water pump on a rehabilitated borehole.The Medair WASH team installs a hand water pump on a rehabilitated borehole.
A woman joyfully pumps safe drinking water from the newly rehabilitated borehole.A woman joyfully pumps safe drinking water from the newly rehabilitated borehole.
A woman joyfully pumps safe drinking water from the newly rehabilitated borehole.A woman joyfully pumps safe drinking water from the newly rehabilitated borehole.
This little girl carries water home to her family in Liberia. She spends a few
hours a day collecting water and bringing it home. She dreams to be able to attend school someday.
This little girl carries water home to her family in Liberia. She spends a few hours a day collecting water and bringing it home. She dreams to be able to attend school someday.
This little girl carries water home to her family in Liberia. She spends a few
hours a day collecting water and bringing it home. She dreams to be able to attend school someday.
This little girl carries water home to her family in Liberia. She spends a few hours a day collecting water and bringing it home. She dreams to be able to attend school someday.
After South Sudan gained independence, Sudan forced all South Sudanese to leave their homes in the north and cross the border into the new country.  Most of them did not have the means to move, nor homes to return to in South Sudan.  This put them in limbo as they tried to re-establish a place to call home. South Sudanese returnees have arrived at the Payuer refugee transit site in Upper Nile State, South Sudan. Renk, a border town in Upper Nile State in the north of South Sudan, continued to host a large population of returnees, as it became the major re-entry point for South Sudanese arriving from Sudan.After South Sudan gained independence, Sudan forced all South Sudanese to leave their homes in the north and cross the border into the new country. Most of them did not have the means to move, nor homes to return to in South Sudan. This put them in limbo as they tried to re-establish a place to call home. South Sudanese returnees have arrived at the Payuer refugee transit site in Upper Nile State, South Sudan. Renk, a border town in Upper Nile State in the north of South Sudan, continued to host a large population of returnees, as it became the major re-entry point for South Sudanese arriving from Sudan.
A woman sits with her daughter preparing an evening meal at the Payuer site in Upper Nile State, South Sudan.A woman sits with her daughter preparing an evening meal at the Payuer site in Upper Nile State, South Sudan.
An old man sits on his luggage after arriving at the Payuer site in Upper Nile State, South Sudan.An old man sits on his luggage after arriving at the Payuer site in Upper Nile State, South Sudan.
An emergency humanitarian airlift was organized between 14 May and 6 June of 2012. IOM (International Organization for Migration) Sudan arranged 83 flights from Khartoum to Juba, relocating 12,225 returning South Sudanese. At the same time, IOM South Sudan, in partnership with GRSS, UNHCR and 28 other humanitarian organisations, established a transit site on the outskirts of Juba. With the joint efforts of these partners, shelter, food, transit kits (containing two blankets, two mosquito nets, two sleeping mats, a plastic sheet, kitchen utensils, soap, and two jerry cans), water, sanitation facilities, hygiene assistance, and healthcare services were provided.An emergency humanitarian airlift was organized between 14 May and 6 June of 2012. IOM (International Organization for Migration) Sudan arranged 83 flights from Khartoum to Juba, relocating 12,225 returning South Sudanese. At the same time, IOM South Sudan, in partnership with GRSS, UNHCR and 28 other humanitarian organisations, established a transit site on the outskirts of Juba. With the joint efforts of these partners, shelter, food, transit kits (containing two blankets, two mosquito nets, two sleeping mats, a plastic sheet, kitchen utensils, soap, and two jerry cans), water, sanitation facilities, hygiene assistance, and healthcare services were provided.
An emergency humanitarian airlift was organized between 14 May and 6 June of 2012. IOM (International Organization for Migration) Sudan arranged 83 flights from Khartoum to Juba, relocating 12,225 returning South Sudanese. At the same time, IOM South Sudan, in partnership with GRSS, UNHCR and 28 other humanitarian organisations, established a transit site on the outskirts of Juba. With the joint efforts of these partners, shelter, food, transit kits (containing two blankets, two mosquito nets, two sleeping mats, a plastic sheet, kitchen utensils, soap, and two jerry cans), water, sanitation facilities, hygiene assistance, and healthcare services were provided.An emergency humanitarian airlift was organized between 14 May and 6 June of 2012. IOM (International Organization for Migration) Sudan arranged 83 flights from Khartoum to Juba, relocating 12,225 returning South Sudanese. At the same time, IOM South Sudan, in partnership with GRSS, UNHCR and 28 other humanitarian organisations, established a transit site on the outskirts of Juba. With the joint efforts of these partners, shelter, food, transit kits (containing two blankets, two mosquito nets, two sleeping mats, a plastic sheet, kitchen utensils, soap, and two jerry cans), water, sanitation facilities, hygiene assistance, and healthcare services were provided.
Winnie is ten years old, very friendly, and she smiles when she speaks. She arrived to South Sudan from Sudan with her family just before the new country celebrated its first anniversary of independence. It is difficult for her to not have a place where she can feel secure and have stability. Language is a hurdle because English is the newborn country's official language, but she speaks only Arabic after spending most of her life in Khartoum in north Sudan. She hopes to safely reach their final destination, the village where her family originally comes from, that they can build a house, and that she will be able to attend school.Winnie is ten years old, very friendly, and she smiles when she speaks. She arrived to South Sudan from Sudan with her family just before the new country celebrated its first anniversary of independence. It is difficult for her to not have a place where she can feel secure and have stability. Language is a hurdle because English is the newborn country's official language, but she speaks only Arabic after spending most of her life in Khartoum in north Sudan. She hopes to safely reach their final destination, the village where her family originally comes from, that they can build a house, and that she will be able to attend school.
The implementation of hygiene promotion - washing hands before eating and covering food to protect it from flies.The implementation of hygiene promotion - washing hands before eating and covering food to protect it from flies.
The compound of  Oscar Romero school for the deaf in Tubmanburg, Liberia.The compound of Oscar Romero school for the deaf in Tubmanburg, Liberia.
Pupils at the Oscar Romero school for the deaf in Tubmanburg, Liberia.Pupils at the Oscar Romero school for the deaf in Tubmanburg, Liberia.
Mahsa is a 14 year old girl in Liberia. She was abandoned by her family due to her inability to speak and hear, but despite this, she has shown great resilience, perseverance, humor, and ingenuity in her dealings and communications with the non-deaf world. Presently she is enrolled at a school built and supported by a charity organisation from Scotland. Here, she can grow in her ability to read and write, and to communicate in sign language to other children. She is also learning self-expression through dance.Mahsa is a 14 year old girl in Liberia. She was abandoned by her family due to her inability to speak and hear, but despite this, she has shown great resilience, perseverance, humor, and ingenuity in her dealings and communications with the non-deaf world. Presently she is enrolled at a school built and supported by a charity organisation from Scotland. Here, she can grow in her ability to read and write, and to communicate in sign language to other children. She is also learning self-expression through dance.
Mahsa is a 14 year old girl in Liberia. She was abandoned by her family due to her inability to speak and hear, but despite this, she has shown great resilience, perseverance, humor, and ingenuity in her dealings and communications with the non-deaf world. Presently she is enrolled at a school built and supported by a charity organisation from Scotland. Here, she can grow in her ability to read and write, and to communicate in sign language to other children. She is also learning self-expression through dance.Mahsa is a 14 year old girl in Liberia. She was abandoned by her family due to her inability to speak and hear, but despite this, she has shown great resilience, perseverance, humor, and ingenuity in her dealings and communications with the non-deaf world. Presently she is enrolled at a school built and supported by a charity organisation from Scotland. Here, she can grow in her ability to read and write, and to communicate in sign language to other children. She is also learning self-expression through dance.
When I met James, he was seven years old, attending Children's Hope Daycare for orphans and abandoned children in Liberia. Like many of his classmates, he has no parents. In the evening, he stays with his relatives in the town. He loves football.When I met James, he was seven years old, attending Children's Hope Daycare for orphans and abandoned children in Liberia. Like many of his classmates, he has no parents. In the evening, he stays with his relatives in the town. He loves football.
Mary's Meals delivers daily meals for children in school in the most remote areas of Liberia. Through this program, the child is encouraged to come to class and the family sends the child to school so they can build a better future for themselves and their community.<br />But it is not only about food; it's bringing hope and building confidence, strength and development in the coming generations.Mary's Meals delivers daily meals for children in school in the most remote areas of Liberia. Through this program, the child is encouraged to come to class and the family sends the child to school so they can build a better future for themselves and their community.
But it is not only about food; it's bringing hope and building confidence, strength and development in the coming generations.
Farmers working in their fields near Tubmanburg, Liberia.Farmers working in their fields near Tubmanburg, Liberia.
Rice farming in Liberia occurs deep in the forest and when harvest time arrives, the whole family moves to a traditional hut thatched with dry grass. They stay there until the work is done, and after that, more patches of the forest are cleared and burned for rice farming. Besides rice, other vegetables are grown, including yam, cassava, sweet potatoes, and corn. The family is sustained by the work of their hands. Everyday they give thanks to God for life.Rice farming in Liberia occurs deep in the forest and when harvest time arrives, the whole family moves to a traditional hut thatched with dry grass. They stay there until the work is done, and after that, more patches of the forest are cleared and burned for rice farming. Besides rice, other vegetables are grown, including yam, cassava, sweet potatoes, and corn. The family is sustained by the work of their hands. Everyday they give thanks to God for life.
Rice farming in Liberia occurs deep in the forest and when harvest time arrives, the whole family moves to a traditional hut thatched with dry grass. They stay there until the work is done, and after that, more patches of the forest are cleared and burned for rice farming. Besides rice, other vegetables are grown, including yam, cassava, sweet potatoes, and corn. The family is sustained by the work of their hands. Everyday they give thanks to God for life.Rice farming in Liberia occurs deep in the forest and when harvest time arrives, the whole family moves to a traditional hut thatched with dry grass. They stay there until the work is done, and after that, more patches of the forest are cleared and burned for rice farming. Besides rice, other vegetables are grown, including yam, cassava, sweet potatoes, and corn. The family is sustained by the work of their hands. Everyday they give thanks to God for life.
Cyclist. He bikes from the farm carrying a jerry can and equipment used in the field. The bicycle is very important mode of transportation for rural farmers in northern Ghana where paved roads are non-existent. They can transport large loads of goods from a farm to a village or to the main market in town.<br />Here, cycling is a matter of necessity, a means of livelihood, transportation, and communication.Cyclist. He bikes from the farm carrying a jerry can and equipment used in the field. The bicycle is very important mode of transportation for rural farmers in northern Ghana where paved roads are non-existent. They can transport large loads of goods from a farm to a village or to the main market in town.
Here, cycling is a matter of necessity, a means of livelihood, transportation, and communication.
Cyclist. He bikes from the farm carrying a jerry can and equipment used in the field. The bicycle is very important mode of transportation for rural farmers in northern Ghana where paved roads are non-existent. They can transport large loads of goods from a farm to a village or to the main market in town.<br />Here, cycling is a matter of necessity, a means of livelihood, transportation, and communication.Cyclist. He bikes from the farm carrying a jerry can and equipment used in the field. The bicycle is very important mode of transportation for rural farmers in northern Ghana where paved roads are non-existent. They can transport large loads of goods from a farm to a village or to the main market in town.
Here, cycling is a matter of necessity, a means of livelihood, transportation, and communication.
A market in Tubmanburg, Liberia.A market in Tubmanburg, Liberia.
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